Honey Bees being attacked by parasitic flies in UK ? index

1.Honey Bees being attacked by parasitic flies in UK ?

2020:06:25 Torbay UK

Yesterday evening I noticed that a hive of bees was being attacked by flies. The flies were darting in and trying to settle on the abdomen of the bee, and the bees were defending themselves. But every now and then a fly manages to cling to the abdomen of the bee for some time.

This behaviour seems very typical of parasitic flies laying eggs on the bees - but I cannot find any description of parasitic flies attacking honey bees like this in the UK.

They might be Senotainia tricuspis (Meigen). I will need to try and catch some of these flies to examine them more closely for a better identification.

Prevalence of parasitization by Diptera in Apis mellifera L in southern Spain FJ Orantes Bermejo A González Megías, P García Fernández Departamento de Producción Animal, Centro de Investigacón y Desarrollo Agrario, Camino de Purchil s/n, 18004 Granada, Spain (Received 14 March 1996; accepted 25 September 1996) https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00891393/document

2015 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/286636689_Presence_and_infestation_rate_of_Senotainia_tricuspis_Meigen_Diptera_Sarcophagidae_on_honey_bees_in_the_Mediterranean_Region

2016 https://www.minia.edu.eg/agr/Files/journal/Vol.%20(36),%20No.%204,%20pp.%20673-681,%202016.pdf ( but much seems to be copied from the paper above it does provide a longer list of references: 

REFERENCES Astolfi, O.D. (2001). Observations about the fly Senotainia tricuspis. Proc. 37th Int. Apic. Congr. 28 Oct – 1 Nov 2001, Durban, South Africa. (Apimondia). 456-461

Bailey, L., and Ball, B.V. (1991). Honey bee pathology (2nd ed.). London: Academic Press.

Bedini, G.; Pinzauti, M. and Felicioli, A. (2006). Interaction between Apis mellifera and its parasites Senotainia tricuspis and Varroa destructor: A teoric model. International Apicultural Scientific Conference, (25–27th April) Pulawy, Poland.

Boiko, A.K. (1958). Senotaniosis (apimyiasis) of bees. Proc. XVII Int. Beekeeping Congr. 24-25.

Felicioli, A.; Franceschini, S. and Pinzauti, M. (2000). The agony of a honey bee colony parasitized by the Sarcophagid fly Senotainia tricuspis: Temperature and humidity variations. In Proceedings of the XXI International Congress of Entomology, Foz de Iguassu`, Brasil, (20–26 August). vol. 1, p. 244.

Gbif (2016). Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Data about Oman. https://www.gbif.org/country/

Giordani, G. (1955). Contributo alla conoscenza della „„Senotainia tricuspis‟‟ (Meigan)., Dittero Sarcofagide, endoparassita dell‟Ape domestica. Boll. Inst. Ent. Bologna, 21, 61-84.

Haddad, N.; Adjlane, N.; Loucif-Ayad, W., Shebl, M. A.; Saba, M.; Albaba, I.; Givsti, M. and Felicioli, A. (2015). Presence and infestation rate of Senotainia tricuspis (Meigen) (Diptera, Sarcophagidae) on honey bees in the Mediterranean Region. Journal of Apicultural Research, 54(2), 121-122.

Keppel, G. (1991). Design and analysis: A researcher's handbook 3rd ed. Englewood CLIFB, NJ, MS. Prentice. Hall Inc. Design and analysis handbook 3rd ed. xiii: 594 pp.

Knutson, L. (1978). Insects: Diptera (Flies). In: Honey bee Pests, Predators, and Diseases (Roger A, Morse, ed.). Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA and London, UK, 128-137.

Mathis, M. (1957). Un diptère parasite des abeilles adultes. Senotainia tricuspis (Meigen) identifié pour la première fois en Tunisie. Archiv Instit Pasteur Tunis 34, 107-113.

Morse, R. A. and Flottum, K. (1997). Honey bee pests, predators and diseases (3rd ed.).

Medina, OH: The A.I. Root Company. Orantes B. and Fernández, P. (1996). Prevalence of parasitization by Diptera in Apis mellifera L. in southern Spain. Apidology 27, 467-471

Paillot, A.; Kirkor, S. and Granger, A.M. (1944). L‟abeilleanatomie-maladiesenemis. 2nd edn, G Patissier, Trevoux, France.

Piazza, M. G. and Marinelli, E. (2000). Investigation on the presence in Latium of Senotainia tricuspis (Meigen) (Diptera Sarcophagidae), endoparasitoid of Apis mellifera L. Redia, 83:111-122.

Pinzauti, M. and Santini, L. (1995). On the “apymiasis” caused by Senotainia tricuspis (Meigen) (Diptera, Sarcophagidae) in central Italy. In Proceedings of XXXIVth International Apicultural Congress, Lousanne, Switzerland. (Reprinted from L‟Apicoltore Moderno, 86, 179– 183).

Pires, S., Cadavez, V. and Valério, M. J. (2011). Prevalence and geographical distribution of Senotainia tricuspis (Meigen). Diagnosis and Control of Bee Diseases, pp. 11-11.

Ramírez Gómez, C. (1949). Nota sobre el hallazgo de Acarapis woodi en la isla de Mallorca. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural. Sección Geológica, (47), 611-618.

Rocha, M.T. and Delgado, L.M. (1986) Senotainia tricuspis em Portugal. Rep Trab LNIV, 18, 69- 70. 

Simintzis, G. (1949). Les larves de dipteres du genre Senotainia tricuspis, parasites thoraciques internes de l‟abeille adulte. Revue Française d „Apiculture, 12, 13- 16.

Simintzis, G. and Fiasson, S. (1951). Les myases des abeilles en France. Rev Med Veter, 102, 351-361.

Villeneuve, J. (1916). A new species of Tachino-Oestrid from South Africa (Diptera). Ann. South Afr. Mus. 15, 465-468. (in Knutson, 1978).

What are these flies? Are they common? Are attacks like these common?

The following images are all frames taken from the video

 

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Fly has grabbed the wind of this bee

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Several frames of the same incident where the fly remains on the abdomen of the bee

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Several flies darting in at the same time

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One fly landing on bee abdomen, the second fly being driven off

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One fly lands on hive and remains there for a time

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Fly on abdomen of bee

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Four flies attack at the same time

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Fly lands and moves up towards entrance

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This fly goes into hive -the only one I saw doing this

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bee with deformed wing

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